Cyber insecurity is a major concern in the world today, especially in the United States. Research and statistics show that a hacking attack normally occurs on every 39 seconds. Most of these malicious attacks are targeted at tarnishing businesses’ reputations for financial gain. Businesses should, therefore, be well aware of the precise measures to take to prevent the occurrence of cyber-attacks on their systems. They should also equip themselves with knowledge on how to respond to a data breach, as hereby explained.


  1. Securing business operations

The first important step to take is to immediately secure the businesses’ IT and non-IT systems by fixing any points of vulnerability that may have contributed to the breach. This may require the business to take physical and cyber security measures to protect their businesses’ data from additional infringement of security and privacy.

  1. Conducting a surgical postmortem

After that, the business should move swiftly to conduct a thorough cyber postmortem that focuses on identifying the nature of cyber-attacks that the business suffered and the kind of business information that was breached. The evaluation should give the business an overview of whether there were any instances of internal malpractice that resulted in the cyber-attack.

  1. Notifying the affected parties

Several parties should then be notified on the occurrence of the data breach. Among the crucial parties in this regard include the local, state, and federal law enforcement who would then initiate parallel investigations and possibly take legal action against the perpetrators.

Another party that should be notified is the affected individuals whose personal data was leaked or accessed illegally. Doing so would be in compliance with the US business cybersecurity law and shows goodwill on the part of the affected business.

  1. Fix the vulnerabilities and boost security

The last step involves the business acting on the various recommendations issued by investigative agencies regarding the cyber incident. This includes the business fixing vulnerabilities pointed out within the business’s operations. It may require the business to have a strong cybersecurity policy and framework to safeguard the businesses’ internal data from future incidences. This should be accompanied by proper employee training to ensure that everyone in the business is privy to the internally enhanced information security.